Theoretical Relationship Among Effective Lens Position, Predicted Refraction, and Corneal and Intraocular Lens Power in a Pseudophakic Eye Model.
Source: Transl Vis Sci Technol
PURPOSE: To ascertain the theoretical impact of anatomical variations in the effective lens position (ELP) of the intraocular lens (IOL) in a thick lens eye model. The impact of optimization of IOL power formulas based on a single lens constant was also simulated.
METHODS: A schematic eye model was designed and manipulated to reflect changes in the ELP while keeping the optical design of the IOL unchanged. Corresponding relationships among variations in ELP, postoperative spherical equivalent refraction, and required IOL power adjustment to attain target refractions were computed for differing corneal powers (38 diopters [D], 43 D, and 48 D) with IOL power ranging from 1 to 35 D.
RESULTS: The change in ELP required to compensate for various systematic biases increased dramatically with low-power IOLs (less than 10 D) and was proportional to the magnitude of the change in refraction. The theoretical impact of the variation in ELP on postoperative refraction was nonlinear and highly dependent on the optical power of the IOL. The concomitant variations in IOL power and refraction at the spectacle plane, induced by varying the ELP, were linearly related. The influence of the corneal power was minimal.
CONCLUSIONS: The consequences of variations in the lens constant mainly concern eyes receiving high-power IOLs. The compensation of a systematic bias by a constant increment of the ELP may induce a nonsystematic modification of the predicted IOL power, according to the biometric characteristics of the eyes studied.
TRANSLATIONAL RELEVANCE: Optimizing IOL power formulas by altering the ELP may induce nonsystematic modification of the predicted IOL power.