Paediatric ocular rosacea: diagnosis and management with an eyelid-warming device and topical azithromycin 1.5.
Source: J Fr Ophtalmol
BACKGROUND: Ocular rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disorder with periods of exacerbation and remission, often underdiagnosed in children. When diagnosed, its management is challenging because of a lack of effective long-term treatment options.
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience in cases of pediatric ocular rosacea treated with moist heat therapy and topical azithromycin 1.5%.
METHODS: The medical records of six children diagnosed with ocular rosacea based on a careful medical history and slit-lamp examination of the eyelids and ocular surface were reviewed. Previous treatments were discontinued, and children/parents were instructed to use the eyelid-warming device for 1 or 2 sessions of 10minutes each day, followed by eyelid massage and cleansing, in combination with azithromycin 1.5% eye drops.
RESULTS: The diagnosis of ocular rosacea in these children was delayed for several months or years from the first identifiable clinical sign or symptom. All the children presented with corneal sequelae and decreased vision. Ocular manifestations included meibomian gland disease, recurrent chalazia, and phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis. Cutaneous signs were not always associated with the condition. Ocular rosacea was usually resistant to initial treatments with antibiotics and topical corticosteroids. Treatment with the eyelid-warming device in combination with azithromycin 1.5% led to a rapid improvement in the clinical signs and was well tolerated by all patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Childhood ocular rosacea is potentially sight threatening. Practitioners should consider this condition in order to minimise diagnostic delay and subsequent complications. Combined therapy of eyelid hygiene (including an eyelid warming device) and azithromycin 1.5% eye drops was effective in treating ocular rosacea in children.