Incidence and Risk Factors of Glaucoma Following Pediatric Cataract Surgery With Primary Implantation.

  • Youssef Abdelmassih
  • Pauline Beaujeux
  • Pascal Dureau
  • Catherine Edelson
  • Georges Caputo

Source: Am J Ophthalmol

Publié le


PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and risk factors for glaucoma after pediatric cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. | DESIGN: Retrospective, consecutive case series. | METHODS: In this single-center study, we reviewed 136 children (199 eyes) who underwent pediatric cataract surgery before 1 year of age with a minimum of 1 year of follow-up. The intervention used was pediatric cataract surgery with IOL implantation, and the primary outcome measure was the presence or absence of secondary glaucoma. | RESULTS: The mean age at surgery was 148 ± 93 days (range 30-359 days) with a mean follow-up of 6.3 ± 3.6 years (range 1.1-12.8 years). Glaucoma developed in 31 eyes (16%) with 5- and 10-year incidence rates of 12% and 28%, respectively. The incidence of glaucoma seemed to be bimodal, with a first peak occurring after a mean delay of 2.5 months (range 1.6-4.1 months) and a second peak occurring after a mean delay of 5.7 years (range 2.6-11.7 years). Younger age at surgery, shorter axial length, longer follow-up, use of trypan blue, reintervention, and bilateral surgery were associatied with a higher incidence of glaucoma. Multivariate analysis including the aforementioned variables indentified longer follow-up (odds ratio [OR] = 1.3 [95% confidence interval {CI} 1.1-1.6], P = .001), reintervention (OR = 4.1 [95% CI 1.2-13.4], P = 0.02), and the use of trypan blue (OR = 4.1 [95% CI 1.3-13.1], P = .02) as predictors for the development of glaucoma. | CONCLUSION: Glaucoma is a common complication after pediatric cataract surgery. It seemed to have a bimodal incidence. Risk factors for glaucoma development were reintervention, the use of trypan blue, and a long follow-up.