Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty-Induced Refractive Shift and Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty-Induced Intraocular Lens Calculation Error.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the mechanisms leading to the refractive shift and intraocular lens calculation error induced by Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK), using ocular biometry and corneal elevation tomography data.
METHODS: This is a retrospective, monocentric cohort study. Eyes which underwent uncomplicated DMEK surgery with available pre-DMEK and post-DMEK Scheimpflug rotating camera data (Pentacam, Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) were considered for inclusion with an age-matched control group of healthy corneas. Cataract surgery data were collected for triple-DMEK cases. DMEK-induced refractive shift (DIRS) and intraocular lens calculation error (DICE) were calculated. Pearson r correlation coefficient was calculated between each corneal parameter variation and both DIRS and DICE.
RESULTS: DIRS was calculable for 49 eyes from 43 patients. It was 30.61% neutral, 53.06% hyperopic (36.73% > 1D), and 16.32% myopic (6.12% > 1 D). DICE was calculable for 30 eyes of 26 patients: It was 46.67% neutral, 40.00% hyperopic (10.00% > 1D), and 13.33% myopic (3.33% > 1D). DIRS and DICE were mainly associated with variations in PRC/ARC ratio, anterior average radii of curvature (ARC), posterior average radii of curvature (PRC), and posterior Q.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that ARC variations, PRC/ARC ratio variations, PRC variations, and posterior Q variations are the most influential parameters for both DIRS and DICE. We suggest that a distinction between those different phenomenons, both currently described as "hyperopic shift" in the literature, should be made by researchers and clinicians.